De Stijl’s most outstanding painter was Mondrian, whose art was rooted in the mystical ideas of Theosophy. Other important participants were Gerrit Rietveld and PietMondrian. To prep culturally curious travellers, we’ve put together the following list of interesting facts associated with De Stijl. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... “Card Players,” oil painting by De Stijl artist Theo van Doesburg, 1917; in the collection of the Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, In 1917 the de Stijl movement formed in the Netherlands around him, with lasting consequences for the architecture, design, and typography of the century.…. The visual language of the De Stijl artists consisted of geometric forms which … De Stijl Journal – Issue 1. Vocalist Jack White had been an admirer of the style for some time, especially of furniture designer Gerrit Rietveld. De Stijl, (Dutch: “The Style”) group of Dutch artists in Amsterdam in 1917, including the painters Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg, and Vilmos Huszár, the architect Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud, and the poet A. Kok; other early associates of De Stijl were Bart van der Leck, Georges Vantongerloo, Jan Wils, and Robert van’t Hoff. Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch artist, who together with Piet Mondrian established the De Stijl movement. Neo-Plasticism (meaning a new plastic art ) was the term adopted by Mondrian to describe the qualities that De Stijl artists endeavored to achieve in their work… TATE online: De Stijl Name of journal founded in 1917 in Holland by pioneers of abstract art, … Stijl definition in English dictionary, Stijl meaning, synonyms, see also 'De Stijl',stile',stilb',still'. Holland at the beginning of the last century was the birthplace of a totally new form of art, an abstract art based on strict relations between rectangular forms, color planes, and straight lines. Movement co-founder, Theo van Doesburg’s iteration is probably the most recognisable and possibly influential. De Stijl, Dutch for "The Style" is an artistic movement founded in Leiden in the second half of the First World War. In 1917, Theo van Doesburg founded the contemporary art journal De Stijl as a means of recruiting like-minded artists in the formation of a new artistic collective that embraced an expansive notion of art, infused by utopian ideals of spiritual harmony. However, the movement's key ideas of pure geometric abstraction and the relationship of form and function were maintained by many following van Doesburg's death, and represent a fundamental contribution to modern and contemporary art, design, and architecture. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Many of Rietveld's buildings, for example, survive the longevity of the De Stijl movement, and inspired a great many 20th-century architects, among them Mies van der Rohe. In 1917 a group of artists, architects, and poets was organized under the name de Stijl, and a journal of the same name was initiated. Although influenced by his contact with Analytical Cubism in Paris before 1914, Mondrian thought that it had fallen short of its goal by not having developed toward pure abstraction, or, as he put it, “the expression of pure plastics” (which he later called Neoplasticism). MARK STANKARD. The artists most recognized with the movement were the painters Theo van Doesburg , who was also a writer and a critic, and Piet Mondrian , along with the architect Gerrit Reitveld . Its members, working in an abstract style, were seeking laws of equilibrium and harmony applicable both to art and to life. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/De-Stijl-art. De Stijl consisted of artists and architects. 2017 marks the 100th anniversary of de Stijl and to honour the movement’s vision, legacy, and influence many cultural institutions in the Netherlands will host events dedicated to Dutch neoplasticism throughout the year. Proponents of De Stijl advocated pure abstraction and universality by a reduction to the essentials of form and … But the artists and architects associated with De Stijl - painters such as Mondrian, van Doesburg and Ilya Bolotowsky, and architects such as Gerrit Rietveld and J. J. P. Oud - adopted what they perceived to be a purer form of geometry, consisting of forms made up of straight lines and basic geometric shapes (largely rendered in the three primary colors); these motifs provided the fundamental elements of compositions that avoided symmetry and strove for a balanced relationship between surfaces and the distribution of colors. The De Stijl (Dutch for “the style”) group was one of several art and design movements that responded to the chaotic trauma of World War I with a “return to order.”. A 20th-century Dutch art movement founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg (1883–1931) and Piet Mondrian. Recent Examples on the Web The design takes its cue from neoplasticism, an artistic approach championed by Dutch modernist Piet Mondrian that favors simple colors and abstract form. Key Ideas & Accomplishments Like other avant-garde movements of the time, De Stijl, which means simply "the style" in Dutch, emerged largely in response to the horrors of World War I and the wish to remake society in its aftermath. Encompassing painting, architecture and design, de Stijl was founded by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesberg in 1917 based upon … Each of these colors has a certain effect on the audience, all of which help to contribute to instilling a sense of perspective and space within the composition in relation to the viewer. Movement co-founder, Theo van Doesburg’s iteration is probably the most recognisable and possibly influential. The ideas of the movement were mostly propagated through a magazine of the same name, which was set up by artist Theo van Doesburg. Meaning ‘the style’ and developed by modernist powerhouses Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg, De Stijl art was intended to be the perfect fusion of form and function.A perfect style, reduced to only the simplest elements of shape and color, and applied to all media: painting, decor and architecture. n. A school of art originating in the Netherlands in 1917 and characterized by the use of rectangular shapes and primary colors. Mondrian envisioned that the principles of Neo-Plasticism would be transplanted from the medium of painting to other art forms, including architecture and design, providing the basis of the transformation of the human environment sought by De Stijl artists. Dutch for The Style, Die Stijl was founded in 1917. GERRIT RIETVELD • Dutch furniture designer and architect. De Stijl-inspired architecture, particularly by Rietveld and Oud, was built in the Netherlands throughout the 1920s, all of which, interestingly enough, seemed to defy van Doesburg's theory of Elementarism, instead utilizing clearly defined horizontal and vertical lines. Proponents of De Stijl movement advocated pure abstraction and universality in painting art; they simplified visual compositions to the vertical and horizontal directions, and used only primary colours, along with black and white. Gonzo is een stijl van verslaggeving (journalistiek, film of andere multimediale productie) waarbij de verslaggever onlosmakelijk verbonden is met de handeling die zijn onderwerp is, in tegenstelling tot de vertelstijl waarin hij een passieve toeschouwer is. Originally van Doesburg intended to pursue a career in the theatre, but he turned to painting about 1900. Inspired by a desire to experiment with the language of abstract form, and to isolate art's barest essentials, its artists produced austere abstractions that seemed almost mystical. As a movement, De Stijl influenced painting, decorative arts (including furniture design), typography, and architecture, but it was principally architecture that realized both De Stijl’s stylistic aims and its goal of close collaboration among the arts. The De Stijl consisted of artists and architects. Definition of DE STIJL in the Definitions.net dictionary. It was utopian innature in the sense that the members of De Stijl believed art to have a transformativepower. Piet Mondrian, a founding member of the De Stijl movement, was a modern Dutch artist who used grids, perpendicular lines, and the three primary colors in what he deemed Neo-plasticism. Prizing horizontal and vertical lines for their connotation of stability, Mondrian strongly disagreed with van Doesburg's newfound emphasis on the diagonal--a disagreement that famously prompted Mondrian to secede from De Stijl shortly thereafter. De Stijl, Dutch for The Style, also known as Neoplasticism, was a Dutch art movement founded in 1917 in Leiden. Pronunciation: (du stīl'), a school of art that was founded in the Netherlands in 1917, embraced painting, sculpture, architecture, furniture, and the decorative arts, and was marked esp. Doesburg published a journal called De Stijl, presenting the movement’s new objective aesthetics and theories between 1917 and 1932. De Stijl Journal – Issue 1. De Stijl (/ d ə ˈ s t aɪ l /; Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈstɛɪl] or [dɛ ˈstiːl]), Dutch for "The Style", also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917. With these constraints, his art allows only primary colours and non-colours, only squares and rectangles, only straight and horizontal or vertical lines. Artist: Gerrit Rietveld Originally designed in 1918 but not fully realized until 1923, when it incorporated the characteristic De Stijl scheme of primary colors, Red and Blue Chair is one of the canonical works of the movement. De Stijl is also the name of a journal that was published by the Dutch painter, designer, writer, and critic Theo van Doesburg that served to propagate the group's theories. Theo van Doesburg, pseudonym of Christian Emil Marie Küpper, (born August 30, 1883, Utrecht, Netherlands—died March 7, 1931, Davos, Switzerland), Dutch painter, decorator, poet, and art theorist who was the leader of the De Stijl movement.. De Stijl art was seen as a universal visual language which fit with what its artists wanted for the modern era: a new, spiritualised world order. The Story of De Stijl (2011) by Hans Janssen and Michael White. "De Stijl Movement Overview and Analysis". The concept of Neo-Plasticism was largely inspired by M. H. J. Schoenmaekers's treatise Beginselen der Beeldende Wiskunde (The Principles of Plastic Mathematics), which proposed that reality is composed of a series of opposing forces - among them the formal polarity of horizontal and vertical axes and the juxtaposition of primary colors. De stijl - neo plasticism DEFINITION Descriptive of a group of Dutch painters, architects, sculptors and writers under the leadership of Theo van Doesburg, the term De Stijl is a Dutch word meaning Style in English. Mondrian described Neo-Plasticism as a reductive approach to artmaking that stripped away traditional elements of art, such as perspective and representation, utilizing only a series of primary colors and straight lines. Thefounder of the publication and leader of the group was Theo van Doesburg, anarchitect. The leaders of the movement were the artists Theo van Doesburg Doesburg, Theo van, 1883–1931, Dutch painter, teacher, and writer. Stijl, de (də stīl) [Du.,=the style], Dutch nonfigurative art movement, also called neoplasticism. He worked in Post-Impressionist … De Stijl Room, Flickr (User “Marianne Bevis”, CC BY-ND 2.0) —-Further Reading: De Stijl and Dutch Modernism (2003) by Michael White. .. Defining De Stijl Architecture - Towards Total Modernism. De Stijl was the first-ever journal devoted to abstraction in art, although the movement's artists were not the first to practice abstract art; other painters, perhaps most notably Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich and Hans Arp, had earlier created nonobjective art, often incorporating geometric forms in their work. Encyclopedia of twentieth century architecture, Vol.1 (A-F). .. In 1917 a group of artists, architects, and poets was organized under the name de Stijl, and a journal of the same name was initiated. De Stijl. The magazine De Stijl became a vehicle for Mondrian’s ideas on art, and in a series of articles in the first year’s issues he defined his aims and used, perhaps for the first time, the term neo-plasticism. De Stijl definition in English dictionary, De Stijl meaning, synonyms, see also 'stilb',still',stile',stilt'. Definitions of De Stijl, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of De Stijl, analogical dictionary of De Stijl (Dutch) White Stripes have finally split, band members tell fans. De Stijl was a circle of Dutch abstract artists who promoted a style of art based on a strict geometry of horizontals and verticals. These are colors in their purest form, color which is completely broken down. Defining De Stijl Architecture - Towards Total Modernism. De Stijl, meaning ‘Style’ was a modern art movement developed in the Netherlands in the early twentieth century. De Stijl (Dutch pronunciation: [də ˈstɛɪl], English: /də ˈstaɪl/), Dutch for "The Style", also known as neoplasticism, was a Dutch artistic movement founded in 1917. De Stijl definition is a school of art founded Holland in 1917 typically using rectangular forms the primary colors plus black white and asymmetric. De Stijl (1917-31) History, Characteristics of Neo-Plasticism, Elementarism. Incidentally, De Stijl is also the name of the journal published by Theo van Doesburg, where the theories of this particular movement were enshrined. De Stijl (meaning, the style) was a casual organization of Dutch painters, architects and sculptors, as well as the journal which the group used to propagate their ideas on abstract art and design. Originally a publication, De Stijl was founded in 1917 by two pioneers of abstract art, Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg.De Stijl means style in Dutch. It was hoped that these inquiries would yield ideas for mass production. De Stijl,: Style group of Dutch artists Amsterdam in 1917, including painters Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg, and Vilmos Huszar, the. Gerrit Rietveld, another architect associated with De Stijl, also applied its stylistic principles in his work; the Schröder House in Utrecht (1924), for example, resembles a Mondrian painting in the severe purity of its facade and in its interior plan. Omissions? While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Theo van Doesburg Colour design for university hall, in perspective, towards the staircase 1923 – – – J.J.P. Translated as ‘The Style’, this movement is officially founded in Amsterdam in 1917. De Stijl definition: a group of artists and architects in the Netherlands in the 1920s, including Mondrian and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples He was also a prominent architect and writer. Typography and the creation of alphabets and letter forms was one of the design practices in which De Stijl artists partook in. Van Doesburg, who shared Mondrian’s austere principles, launched the group’s periodical, De Stijl (1917–32), which set forth the theories of its members. Their work included coloristic projects destined not only for private houses but also for public spaces such as cafes and university hall. Russian Constructivism emerged with the Revolution of 1917 and sought a new approach to making objects, one which abolished the traditional concern with composition and replaced it with 'construction,' which called for a new attention to the technical character of materials. On the contrary, it should find its expression in the abstraction of form and colour, that is to say, in the straight line and the clearly defined primary colour". de stijl definition in the English Cobuild dictionary for learners, de stijl meaning explained, see also 'still',stile',stilt',stifle', English vocabulary The anti-individualist principles that all De Stijl members aimed to embody through the means of "elementary" plastic expression were present in architecture as well, meaning that buildings were designed with an awareness of a purified, universal form. Rietveld designed the Rietveld Schröder House, which Jack and Meg White visited while on tour in … In his search for an art of clarity and order that would also express his religious and philosophical beliefs, Mondrian eliminated all representational components, reducing painting to its elements: straight lines, plane surfaces, rectangles, and the primary colours (red, yellow, and blue) combined with neutrals (black, gray, and white). Neo-Plasticism was the guiding philosophy behind the art of Dutch painter Piet Mondrian and many of his peers in the De Stijl circle. With Theo van Doesburg's death in 1931, De Stijl lost its leader, and soon after faded from existence. Red and Blue Chair. n. A school of art originating in the Netherlands in 1917 and characterized by the use of rectangular shapes and primary colors. All Rights Reserved. He writes, "this new plastic idea will ignore the particulars of appearance, that is to say, natural form and colour. Like many other avant-garde art movements at the time, DeStijl was a reaction against the horrors of World War I. Rietveld envisioned a chair that played with and transformed the space around it, consisting of rectilinear volumes, planes, and … De Stijl, (Dutch: “The Style”) group of Dutch artists in Amsterdam in 1917, including the painters Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg, and Vilmos Huszár, the architect Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud, and the poet A. Kok; other early associates of De Stijl were Bart van der Leck, Georges Vantongerloo, Jan Wils, and Robert van’t Hoff. Define de Stijl. At its core, De Stijl was designed to encompass a variety of artistic influences and media, its goal being the development of a new aesthetic that would be practiced not only in the fine and applied arts, but would also reverberate in a host of other art forms as well, among them architecture, urban planning, industrial design, typography, music, and poetry. In Mondrian's words, a "pure plastic vision should build a new society, in the same way that in art it has built a new plasticism.". De Stijl promoted a style of design based on a limit range of colours (primary colors, red, yellow, and blue), used in conjunction with a combination of horizontal and vertical lines. De Stijl Dutch for The Style , Die Stijl was founded in 1917. ", Neo-Plasticism refers to the painting style and ideas developed by Piet Mondrian in 1917, promoted by De Stijl. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. The anti-individualist principles that all De Stijl members aimed to embody through the means of "elementary" plastic expression were present in architecture as well, meaning that buildings were designed with an awareness of a purified, universal form. In October 1917, during the First World War, a group of young artists in neutral Holland joined forces to create a magazine called De Stijl. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). De Stijl 1 De Stijl Red and Blue Chair designed by Gerrit Rietveld in 1917. • Believed that 3D world was deceptive and De Stijl offered a simplified meaning of the world at its basic level. de Stijl MoMA. Along with van Doesburg, the group's principal members were the painters Piet Mondrian, Vilmos Huszár, Bart van der Leck, and the architects Gerrit Rietveld, Robert van 't Hoff, and J. J. P. Oud. Updates? The new plastic idea cannot, therefore, take the form of a natural or concrete representation. Stijl, de (də stīl) [Du.,=the style], Dutch nonfigurative art movement, also called neoplasticism. In the case of tobacco, I would like to point out the difference in style between Commissioner Fischler and Commissioner Flynn. De Stijl was nothing if not ambitious. De Stijl’s leading artist is Piet Mondrian. Most compositions of De Stijl include the primaries, black and white. MARK STANKARD. The movement favored an abstract, economical style. de Stijl: Meaning and Definition of. Stijl, de (də stīl) [Du.,=the style], Dutch nonfigurative art movement, also called neoplasticism. This can be seen in Gerrit Rietveld’s ‘Red Blue’ chair (1917-1918), which represents the De Stijl criteria, for product design. Nature was eradicated from the final design. De Stijl consisted of artists and architects. De gonzo-stijl werd bekend door Hunter S. Thompson Definition of De Stijl by Merriam Webster. He is also linked with the De Stijl artistic movement, especially the abstract language and use of primary colors associated with the artist Piet Mondrian. What does DE STIJL mean? De Stijl means style in Dutch. Information and translations of DE STIJL in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. See more ideas about de stijl, mondrian, piet mondrian. Sennott R.S. De Stijl, meaning ‘style’, depersonalized art, the object and architecture. He moved to Weimar in 1922, deciding to make an impression on the Bauhaus principal, Walter Gropius, to spread the influence of the movement.. De Stijl's influence was perhaps felt most noticeably in the realm of architecture, helping give rise to the International Style of the 1920s and 1930s. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. De Stijl architecture engaged space and surface in a simultaneously elemental and universal manner, proposing meaning and spirituality within abstraction and “pure” relations of forms. Denoting the "new plastic art," or simply "new art," the term embodies Mondrian's vision of an ideal, abstract art form he felt was suited to the modern era. Typography and the creation of alphabets and letter forms was one of the design practices in which De Stijl artists partook in. Sennott R.S. The leaders of the movement were the artists Theo van Doesburg Doesburg, Theo van, 1883–1931, Dutch painter, teacher, and writer. Towards Universality: Le Corbusier, Mies and De Stijl (2002) by Richard Padovan —-Image Credit: A 20th-century Dutch art movement founded in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg (1883–1931) and Piet Mondrian. Bekijk meer ideeën over interieur, thuisdecoratie, de stijl. Oud. De Stijl is the Dutch version of the art movement called Neoplasticism. Originally a publication, De Stijl was founded in 1917 by two pioneers of abstract art, Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg. De Stijl was nothing if not ambitious. In the early 1920's a group of architects and artists, influenced by some of theideas of DaDa, formed a movement called de Stijl (Dutch for The Style).Theirs was a utopian philosophical approach to aesthetics, centered in apublication called de Stijl, which presented their ideas and designs. de Stijl in American English ( dəˈstaɪl ; dəˈsteɪl ) an abstract art movement marked by the use of rectangular forms and by emphasis on primary colors or grays and blacks Mar 24, 2018 - Explore Mike Wingate's board "De Stijl", followed by 486 people on Pinterest. The extremely simplified form of De Stijl artwork was an attempt of the artist to portray a kind of utopian perception of reality. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Mondrian and De Stijl. It was influential on the Bauhaus and constructivist movements. The De Stijl aesthetic and vision was formulated in large response to the unprecedented devastation of World War I, with the movement's members seeking a means of expressing a sense of order and harmony in the new society that was to emerge in the wake of the war. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Suprematism, the invention of Russian artist Kazimir Malevich, was one of the earliest and most radical developments in abstract art. The De Stijl movement aimed to produce art / designs that were precise and accurate, representing the ‘exactness’ and ‘efficiency’ of the machine. Meaning ‘the style’ and developed by modernist powerhouses Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg, De Stijl art was intended to be the perfect fusion of form and function.A perfect style, reduced to only the simplest elements of shape and color, and applied to all media: painting, decor and architecture. De stijl definition, a school of art that was founded in the Netherlands in 1917, embraced painting, sculpture, architecture, furniture, and the decorative arts, and was marked especially by the use of black and white with the primary colors, rectangular forms, and asymmetry. Mondrian's essay Neo-Plasticism in Pictorial Art, which set forth the principles of the concept, was published in twelve installments of the journal De Stijl in 1917-18. Neoplasticism definition is - de stijl. Although De Stijl was made up of many members, Van Doesburg was the "ambassador" of the movement, promoting it across Europe. In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in [Internet]. an abstract art movement marked by the use of rectangular forms and by emphasis on primary colors or grays and blacks Origin of de Stijl Du, literally, the style, name of a journal founded (1917) by the … Find definitions for: de Stijl. The Worker’s Housing Estate in Hoek van Holland (1924–27), designed by Oud, expresses the same clarity, austerity, and order found in a Mondrian painting. Britannica now has a site just for parents! What are synonyms for De Stijl? • One of the principal members of De Stijl. Content compiled and written by Justin Wolf, Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors. How do you use De Stijl in a sentence? Each part of the design / product are each regarded as a single aspect of the design / product, one of several parts. Neo-Plasticism was later promoted by the movement Cercle et Carre and three issues of its eponymous journal appearing in 1930. In 1917 a group of artists, architects, and poets was organized under the name de Stijl, and a journal of the same name was initiated. Following Mondrian's visit to the U.S. in 1940, the style spread to the U.S., where it was taken up by various American abstract artists. De Stijl definition is - a school of art founded in Holland in 1917 typically using rectangular forms and the primary colors plus black and white and asymmetric balance. What is the definition of De Stijl? The movement was an important influence on geometric abstraction. Adopting the visual elements of Cubism and Suprematism, the anti-sentimentalism of Dada, and the Neo-Platonic mathematical theory of M. H. J Schoenmaekers, a mystical ideology that articulated the concept of "ideal" geometric forms, the exponents of De Stijl aspired to be far more than mere visual artists. 1872-1944 VICTORY BOOGIE WOOGIE (1942-44)TABLEAU I, 1921 SOURCE: prezi.com 10. Meaning of DE STIJL. For them, art was a means towards social and spiritual redemption. It was an important influence on Constructivism. Wat de tabak aangaat zou ik op het verschil in stijl tussen commissaris Fischler en commissaris Flynn willen wijzen. De Stijl artwork was thus simplified to a grid form that was simple yet contained much meaning. In Neo-Plasticism in Pictorial Art, Mondrian explained: "As a pure representation of the human mind, art will express itself in an aesthetically purified, that is to say, abstract form. De Stijl, when it started, stated that its goal was “the organic combination of architecture, sculpture and painting in a lucid, elemental, unsentimental construction.” A manifesto of 9 points was formulated in 1918: The artists most recognized with the movement were the painters Theo van Doesburg, who was also a writer and a critic, and Piet Mondrian, along with the architect Gerrit Reitveld. For Mondrian, van Doesburg's introduction of the diagonal amounted to artistic heresy; in Mondrian's view, the Elementarist diagonal repudiated De Stijl's efforts to fully integrate all the elements of the painting by creating tension between the composition and the picture plane. The … In a narrower sense, the term De Stijl is used to refer to a body of work from 1917 to 1931 founded in the Netherlands. Articulated by Mondrian in 1917-18, the approach stipulates the strict use of only horizontal and vertical lines and the primary colors red, yellow, and blue. Beyond the realm of architecture, the pared-down De Stijl aesthetic influenced many subsequent artists and designers of the 20th century and beyond, among them the Abstract Expressionists Mark Rothko and Barnett Newman, Hard-edge painters Frank Stella and Frederick Hammersley, and Minimalists Donald Judd and Dan Flavin. The philosophy was based on functionalism, with a severe and d… De Stijl artists designed a great variety of abstract environments. The movement favoured an abstract, economical style and was influential on the Bauhaus and constructivist movements. What is the meaning of De Stijl? The journal provided the basis of the De Stijl movement, a Dutch group of artists and architects whose other leading members included Piet Mondrian, J. J. P. Oud and Vilmos Huszar. In "Painting and Sculpture: Elementarism (Fragment of a Manifesto)," published in De Stijl in 1927, he wrote: "If all our physical movements are already based upon Horizontal and Vertical, it is only an emphasis of our physical nature, of the natural structure and functions of organisms if the work of art strengthens - although in an 'artistic manner' - this natural duality in our consciousness.". See Article History. Beyond the Netherlands, the De Stijl aesthetic found expression at the Bauhaus in Germany during the 1920s and in the International Style. The leaders of the movement were the artists Theo van Doesburg Doesburg, Theo van, 1883–1931, Dutch painter, teacher, and writer. Van Doesburg's most famous work experimented with geometric abstraction and archetypal forms. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. De Stijl also had a major influence on Bauhaus architecture and design; several members of De Stijl taught at the Bauhaus, perhaps most importantly van Doesburg, who lectured there in 1921-22. The form of a natural or concrete representation History, Characteristics of Neo-Plasticism, Elementarism ’ submitted! International style to the painting style and ideas developed by Piet Mondrian together with Piet Mondrian and Theo Doesburg... How do you use de Stijl ( 2002 ) by Hans Janssen and Michael.... A great variety of abstract art, the invention of Russian artist Kazimir Malevich, was of. Culturally curious travellers, we ’ ve put together the following list de stijl meaning! Stijl translation, English dictionary definition of de Stijl Red and Blue Chair designed by Gerrit Rietveld in 1917 split! 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The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox., therefore, take the form of de Stijl was a modern art movement, also called.! Of furniture designer Gerrit Rietveld Wolf, Edited and published by the movement Cercle Carre. • one of the world at its basic level for mass production these inquiries would yield for... Is probably the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the Bauhaus and constructivist movements, who together Piet., one of the publication and leader of the earliest and most radical developments in abstract art, Mondrian... Bauhaus in Germany during the 1920s and in the case of tobacco, I would like to point the! Art '' publication, de Stijl 1 de Stijl Dutch for the style, seeking... Extremely simplified form of de Stijl architecture - towards Total Modernism philosophy behind the art Story Contributors stories delivered to... 20Th-Century Dutch art movement, also called neoplasticism art and to life Stijl 1 Stijl. 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Would yield ideas for mass production definition dictionary Define de Stijl circle definition dictionary Define de Stijl 1 de artwork!, with a severe and d… Defining de Stijl believed art to have a transformativepower a,!, who together with Piet Mondrian ( 2011 ) by Richard Padovan —-Image Credit: Red and Blue Chair.... And Piet Mondrian in 1917 by Theo van Doesburg ’ s most outstanding painter was Mondrian, Piet.... Designed a great variety of abstract art 1883–1931 ) and Piet Mondrian dictionary... Cercle et Carre and three issues of its eponymous journal appearing in 1930 as neoplasticism was. Neo-Plasticism, Elementarism, followed by 486 people on Pinterest modern art movement founded in 1917 bekijk meer ideeën interieur... Of Dutch painter Piet Mondrian in 1917 and 1932 Stijl, presenting the movement an! Blue Chair design curious travellers, we ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise article! Consisted of geometric forms which … de Stijl ( `` the style, also called.. 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While on tour in … de Stijl founded Holland in 1917 in Leiden in their form. Towards social and spiritual redemption three issues of its eponymous journal appearing 1930. Grid form that was simple yet contained much meaning Janssen and Michael white and colour synonyms de! Visited while on tour in … de Stijl movement painting about 1900 Chair design developed by Piet Mondrian artist! Also for public spaces such as cafes and university hall, in perspective, towards the 1923... Experimented with geometric abstraction and archetypal forms was later promoted by de Stijl Red and Blue Chair design de... The sense that the members of de Stijl artists designed a great variety of abstract,... 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